From 1874 to 1976 generations of Australians were entertained by the performing arts entrepreneurial activities of J.C. Williamson Ltd. Initiated by James Cassius Williamson, ‘The Firm’ established a nationally dominant touring circuit of music hall, comedy, pantomime, opera, dramatic theatre, ballet and film, providing access to an international repertoire and stars, supported by local performers and behind the scenes personnel.
The social significance of the collections lies in the collective memory and experience of generations of Australians who have had the opportunity to experience world class productions in their local city. Some of Australia’s most celebrated performers served their theatrical apprenticeships with The Firm.
The collection contains evidence of the inner workings of the company operations and output. It is held across six institutions and organisations: Australian Performing Arts Collection, Melbourne; Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales; National Library of Australia; Queensland Performing Arts Centre Museum; Scenic Studios Australia Pty Ltd; and Seaborn, Broughton & Walford Foundation Archives and Library collection.
Using these records it is possible to trace Australia’s theatrical history, and understand how Australian theatre has evolved. They provide a snapshot of theatrical endeavour and ingenuity across Australian metropolitan and regional stages.